One of the most destructive types of termites in Singapore is called Kalotermitidae., commonly known as drywood termites. To read up on other kinds of termites, check out our other article on How To Get Rid Of Termites
After subterranean termites, they are the most destructive pest because they do not require as much moisture as other termites. Their only habitat is wooden material, and they do not thrive elsewhere..
They will attack the wood in dead trees, your wooden furniture and your home. Unlike other kinds of termites, they are extremely difficult to kill because there is no bait available for this type of pest.
If you have an infestation in your home that is not treated, the damage to your home can be extremely expensive.
Professionals in Singapore look for drywood termite droppings in addition to other signs to determine if you are infested and how bad your infestation has become.
They can eradicate the termites from your home and prevent the damage from becoming any worse. If drilling is required in your home or on your property, they will inform you before they proceed. Once an infestation has been found, having drywood termite treatment performed is incredibly important.
If you’re interested in learning more about termites, Wikipedia’s termite life cycle can come in handy.
The Damage to Your Home and Furniture
Just like their name implies, you will find this type of termite in all different types of drywood. This includes your walls, doors, furniture and anything made of wood. Once the termites have entered your home, they will attack everything made of wood.
If you knock on your wooden furniture or cabinets and hear a hollow sound, you most likely have an infestation. With just a little time, your furniture will become weakened and start to break down. Unlike subterranean termites, this type of termite does not need any contact with your soil or moisture to thrive and reproduce.
Drywood termites obtain food from the cellulose in your wood. They will eat across and along the wood grain until everything has been completely consumed. In addition, they feed on the wooden cupboard in your kitchen, your wooden skirting and your doorframes.
They will cause extreme damage until they have been eradicated. If you have not already taken the precaution of having your wood treated, this is a high chance your home has already been infested. Everything these termites need for their metabolic processes is found in the wood in your home.
Detecting Termites in Your Home
The reason they are so hard to detect is that they are protected from the environment by the wood they are living in. A colony of these pests consists of swarmers, soldier termites and worker termites. The worker termites are cream coloured but will appear white against the surface of your wood.
Swarmers are brown with wings and soldier termites are brown, cream or somewhere in between. The best way to tell the difference between subterranean termite swarmers and the drywood variety is the latter will shed their wings immediately after swarming.
You need to look for drywood termite droppings and dead swarmer bodies. The bodies will not have any wings. Their small size makes them difficult to see. If you do not eliminate these termites from your home you will eventually have structural damage you will need to have repaired.
If there is anyone in your home who has asthma, asthma attacks or allergic reactions, they will suffer due to your infestation. Locating drywood termite signs is difficult because they are concealed by the wood they are consuming. A professional will know what traces to look for.
The Mating Cycle and Egg Laying
Drywood termites in Singapore have two different types of reproduction. The primary source is the winged alates with the wingless being the replacement source. The replacement reproductives termites create the colony and this is where they will remain.
The swarmers will leave their colony to locate suitable areas for forming another colony. All of the mating and laying of eggs for the termite colony is performed by the replacement reproductives.
As soon as the alates have landed, they will twist their wings off. They then locate a mate and find a good wood location such as wooden crevices, knotholes, built-in cupboards and door frames.
This is where they will mate. The swarmers or alates with the broken-off wings are referred to as dealates. Once they have laid eggs, they will require several months to hatch. If you do not eliminate these pests prior to their eggs hatching, your home will be completely infested.
Killing Drywood Termites in Singapore
If you have noticed any drywood termite signs, learning how to eradicate them from your home is critical. There are certain types of treatments you can try. Your best option is contacting a reputable company to determine if your infestation has already spread throughout your home. You will have a difficult time attempting to treat the infestation by yourself no matter which treatment you choose.
There is also a chance your home will require professional fumigation. The professionals may offer you a low-cost inspection option to determine how bad your infestation has become.
The first step you need to take is removing all drywood from any area of your home where you suspect there has been termite activity. The signs in these areas will be the most obvious. This will eliminate some of the places the termites may have created a colony.
The idea is to eliminate their nests from your home. Once you are certain an area has not been infested, use varnish or paint to seal up all of the unfinished wood. This will require a lot of time and effort.
Once you have sealed your unfinished wood, termites will not be able to tunnel into your furniture. Keep in mind if the termites have already tunneled into the walls of your home, treating your furniture will not eradicate your infestation. Once you have had your home professionally treated, you can arrange for termite maintenance.
This will prevent future damage to your home, save you money on repairs and ensure you never have to worry about an infestation of this type again. Another option is boric acid. This is one of the safest and least expensive options you can use for treatment.
The boric acid is safe around your children and your pets. This is not a fast way to kill your termites but it is also effective for a lot of different insect issues. If you choose to use this method you will begin by mixing the boric acid with water.
How do I use my boric acid and water solution?
You will need a medicine syringe with a blunt tip to inject your solution into the wood. As you inject your wood, it will absorb the solution almost immediately. If your infestation is extensive, you will not be able to handle it by yourself. You will need a drywood termite treatment known as fumigation.
When you have become completely infested, a professional will need to use a fumigation tent to cover your entire home. They are then able to introduce the gas necessary for killing the termites.
This method is extremely effective because the gas will replace all of the oxygen in your home. This will prevent the termites from respiring or breathing. This means the termites will absorb the gas. In most instances, fumigating will eliminate 100 percent of your termites.
What do I do if my infestation is still small and I don’t want to call a termite removal professional just yet?
If your infestation is still small, you can try using a treatment on your wood. You will need to drill small holes into the wood that has been infected to introduce insecticide. You must be extremely careful if you have small children or pets in your home because the insecticide is poisonous.
Your best option is to have them stay with a relative or friend while you are treating your home. You will need a gel or foam termite insecticide. Make certain the label says it is suitable for the drywood variety of termites.
You will also need a drill with either one-quarter or one-eighth drill bits. You will need to drill holes in the infected wood every eight to ten inches. The resistance of your drill will decrease once you have reached the termite’s nesting area. This is referred to as the gallery.
Your next step is using your insecticide to fill all of the holes. The label on your insecticide will tell you how much you need to use for each hole. Your last step is closing the holes. You will need to use an appropriate material such as putty or a wood patch to repair the holes.
If you’re unsure of the size of your problem, call a termite removal professional.
It is critical to realize all of these methods will only be effective if your infestation is smaller. If you have a large infestation, your only recourse of action is contacting a pest control professional. They are familiar with all of the termite species found in Singapore, have excellent training and the experience to perform their jobs safely and effectively.
If the structure of your home becomes compromised, you will have to pay a staggering repair bill. A professional will eliminate your infestation before it has a chance to become any worse.