How Do I Identify Termites In My Home?

Termites live in so-called communities that are reminiscent of ants. People call them white ants. However, these insects do not have any related links, and the termites themselves are naturally closer to cockroaches. How are they, what do they like to eat, and how are the termite workers organized? Well, let’s see.

Dead cockroach on floor.
Cockroaches are surprisingly closely related to termites, to up the ick factor.

Nesting Sites

Hundreds of millions of insects can live in many termites mounds. Construction always begins with the “arrangement” of some fully-grown termites that have recently left the nest. Over time, the newborn king and the newborn queen have attracted several workers who have set themselves the goal of building the termite commune.

And their appearance depends on the species of the insect and its habitat. In most cases, however, the marsh is made up of air and underground parts. The first is above the ground, the second is a network of corridors and rooms.

Orkin has more information on termite nesting sites that can come in handy when looking for termite mounds or nests.

What happens if I don’t want to deal with my termite problem? What are the disadvantages?

There is no doubt that termites are dangerous to humans due to their dependence on wood. Plenty of what we own is wood, such as our wooden chairs, tables, or cabinets.

A small termite colony working in the shelter at night can eat a tree or a gigantic house for a couple of days. Termites will act so carefully that nobody suspects anything until the outer shell collapses.

Love your wooden furniture? Protect it from termites.


What are the signs of a termite infestation in my home?

Signs Of Termites
The most important signs of the existence of termites in your house:

☻ small holes from termites on the surface of your wooden furniture, inside or outside the house;

☻ termite trails littered with termite droppings

☻ painted layers bubbling during the painting of wooden furniture

☻ Thin and hard clay tunnels on the outside or inside of the house;

☻ sawdust close to doors, windows, terraces, and garages;

To find other, less obvious signs of termites in your home not covered in our article, check out this article by Ehrlich called “7 signs you may have termites”.

Termites are physically comparable to ants but with long, transparent wings. If you find abandoned deserted wings: these are the swarms of young termites. Once in a termite’s life, they are chosen to mate. Right before they hide to become the elders of a new colony, they saw their wings off themselves.

If you find at least one of these signs of termites in your house (God forbid), call the exterminator immediately. Also, store the termite droppings and termite wings in a container with a metal-coated lid. The expert who comes to your rescue will surely want to investigate it. The specimen will help them to understand what type of termite colony is living in the house.

These close relatives of cockroaches live mostly in warm tropical countries. Overall, there are less than three thousand termite species worldwide. In Europe, it is known that only two species live.

Of course, most termites prefer Africa, where piles of sustainable termites form large cities, but it must be remembered that these insects are extremely resistant and have been able to invade northern countries such as the US and exploit the benefits of civilization.

They often spend the winter in warm and heated rooms and look for new areas during the summer.


Termites in wood prefer places with moisture. You must, therefore, keep your house dry and provide good ventilation, especially if you have an attic (though that is rare here in Singapore). And in time to close all types of leaks: in the kitchen, in the bathrooms, etc.

Make sure to clean your gutters and pipes regularly so that they are not clogged with old hairs or food particles that can give termites a head start on invading your home.

Three pipe pieces lying on paper.
Your piping, especially bathroom pipes need to be checked for termites regularly.


Reproduction

It is interesting to note that the determination of the fate of the larva depends solely on the general needs of the family. The first groups of larvae become workers in this way. As the territory of the termite grows, the soldiers seem to be protecting them from attack. Adults are born only in the big mounds.

The population of the termite mound where termite eggs are laid grows at an astounding rate, as the queen termite, with the help of her permanent partner, can lay up to ten thousand eggs a day.

Termite Colonies

New termite colonies are formed by winged males and females. This usually happens in the tropics at the beginning of the rainy season. For the first time, workers and nymphs leave the nest.

A few hundred meters later, they land, release their wings and form pairs. The female attracts the male with the secret gland in her abdomen. They dig a hole together, close the door and get a mate in it. The first eggs are laid a couple of days later. Parents feed the nymphs they are born to, and those who have been moulded several times become workers or soldiers.

Winged individuals in the colony appear only when they are “mature,” which means they are densely populated, usually within two or three years. Trained workers are responsible for all food production and nest construction.

How do I recognize termites in my home?

So now we’ve got information about termites. Now you need to learn how to investigate your possible presence at home. We remember that the termites eat all the wood and everything that comes from it: books, wooden instruments, wooden floors, wooden windows, railings, wooden ornamental plants, etc.

Three wooden chairs at a wooden dining table
Wooden furniture is a great addition to your house, but can be a nightmare when it comes to termite removal.




You can identify the presence of termites with the following tricks:

1. Lay out wooden products or materials used in the construction of your house. You can see small round holes in some places.

2. In some places, under wooden products, you can see small stacks of spots from termites on wood.

3. Check to see if the small holes are reddish-brown or black.

4. Press the handle of the screwdriver on the rod. When you hear the gap-related sounds, the termites inside have already created a home for themselves.

5. If possible, use a heat chamber that shows heat generation in wood, revealing signs of termites’ presence in your home.

6. Examine the inside and outside of the foundation wall along unpaved roads. Soil conditions live in the soil near sources of moisture, but feed on wooden structures and build underground tunnels out of their homes.

7. Check to see if the wooden structure of the house on the first floor is damaged, especially at the intersection of walls and foundations and under the front door. First, check everything carefully with a flashlight. But external damage may be invisible. Touch the shaft with the handle of a large screwdriver and look for the holes in it with a big punch.

8. Call the specialists to study termites on wood and destruction.
Important! Termites will not tolerate light. You must, therefore, concentrate your search on the dark areas of the house where daylight is minimized.

If you find termite trails or termite droppings at home, please contact a specialized company with experience in the destruction of these insects. But if you are capable of doing so, you can use the following methods to destroy termites:

Spray or treat insecticide sites: safe for imidacloprid, chlorpyriphos, chlorfenapyr (especially against termites in the Kalotermitidae and Rhinotermitidae families),

Now that you’ve read this article on the different ways that you can identify a termite infestation in your house by yourself, you may need a termite control specialist to help you with your termite issue.

We here at Zenith Lab are termite removal specialists in Singapore and use the latest technology to remove your termite infestation in a manner that is safe for the elderly, kids and pets. Contact us today for a quote!

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